Governments at all levels have been advised to recognise the importance of respecting legal and institutional frameworks that guarantee the right to information in the Country in line with continental and international standards.
The International Press Centre, IPC, gave the advise on Monday, September 28, 2020, in a statement signed by its Communications Officer, Ms. Olutoyin Ayoade, on the occasion of the International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI).
The universal access to information, according to the Executive Director of IPC, Mr Lanre Arogundade, is vital to the watchdog role of the media in keeping the public informed, educated and making the people know the day-to-day activities and dealings of those in Government whether military or civilian, which further creates a platform for the citizens to express their concerns to the Government; stressing further that “This process saves lives, builds trust and helps the formulation of sustainable policies”.
IPC expressed concern about the state of access to information in Nigeria despite adopting the national right to information law along with 17 African Union member states; adding that in 2011, the Nigerian Government signed the FOI Bill into law, thereby making Nigeria the ninth country in Africa and among the 127 Countries in the world to have passed such a legislation.
Against the background of the provision of section 22 of the Nigerian Constitution that the press shall monitor governance and hold Government accountable, Mr Lanre Arogundade said the occasion of the World Access to Information Day should also be used to reiterate the fact that free access to information is a catalyst of press freedom without which good governance would be a mirage.
Mr Arogundade regretted that the FOI Act has not had the desired impact due to the refusal of a number of Ministries, Departments and Agencies to proactively disclose information about their activities; while also failing to respond whenever Journalists, civil society activists and other Nigerians make FOI Act requests.
The IPC Executive Director said such conducts clearly undermine the provisions of sections (4) and (5) of the FOI Act that public Institutions shall make public records and information more freely available and provide for public access to public records and information; saying they also constitute a sabotage of the constitution apart from negating the principles of the Open Government Partnership of which Nigeria is a member.
In relation to violence against journalists and other media professionals, he noted that such acts constitute threats to freedom of expression in Nigeria; lamenting that “this year alone, the IPC has documented at least 40 media attacks and more recently the Nasarawa State Council of the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ), lost one its members, former treasurer, Benjamin Ekom to an attack and brutal killing by unknown gunmen at his residence in Washo village, Nassarawa-Eggon Local Government Area (LGA), of the State.”
He therefore called on Government to ensure protection for journalists and whistleblowers who are dedicated to promoting democracy and social justice; while encouraging journalists to keep engaging in investigative journalism, so as to prevent abuse of office.
The International Day for Universal Access to Information (IDUAI) is celebrated yearly on 28 September as declared by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and adopted by the UN General Assembly.